Mudras or Hastas plays the most important role in Angika Abhinaya. It has the place of alphabets in a language. Mudras convey the meaning of a song, helps in expressing an emotion better through gestures according to the situation and hence making it a visual treat for the Rasikas or the audience.
Each of these fingers has a name.1. Little finger – Kanishta
2. Ring Finger – Anamika
3. Middle Finger – Madhyama
4. Index Finger – Tharjani
5. Thumb – Angushtam
The Sloka for Hasta Lakshana Deepika :-
Hastah PatakoMudrakhya KatakoMushtirithyapi
Kartharimukhasamjascha Shukathunda Kapithakah
Hamsapakshashchah Shikaro Hamsasyah Punaranjali
ArdhachandrashchaMuhuro Bhramaro Soochikamukhah
Punah Sarpashirasamjanjo Vardhamanakarithyapi
Araala Oornanaabhascha Mukhulah Katakamukhah
These Mudras or hand gestures are portrayed by one hand or both hands at various positions depicting characters, words, describing the lyrics. The placement position of each Mudra is very important as each Mudra held at different positions has a meaning of its own. In the images below, you see the dance holding the same Mudra (Katakam) but the way of holding it is different hence depicting different meanings. In the first image, Katakam is held as a mirror & in the second image Katakams are depicting a flute.
|Dancer holding Katakam as flute|
|Dancer holding Katakam as Mirror|
These images shows the importance of how & where the Mudras should be held.